Guayaquil, capital of the Guayas province, is the largest and most populated city in Ecuador. Located on the Pacific coast, it has a tropical climate, and is known as the "Pearl of the Pacific".
Guayaquil is the main port of Ecuador, thus, it is of great economic importance to the country. The city was named after an indigenous chief, "Guayas", and his wife, "Quil" who risked their lives, and chose to fighting before surrendering themselves to the Spaniards.
Francisco de Orellana founded Guayaquil on the skirts of the Santa Ana Hill on July 25th, 1534. On the top of this hill you can observe cannons that were used to defend the city from pirate attacks. A few houses preserve their original architecture, with defense walls facing the river. Many of these houses were built at different levels on the hill, very common for the Spaniards and Portuguese. Surrounding the city are various archeological sites of the pre-Hispanic cultures of Valdivia, Machalilla, Chorrera, Guangala and Manteña. The Gulf of Guayaquil, the river, the monuments, museums, parks and it's exhilarating nightlife are part of the attractions of this city.